Doha Climate Change Conference
At a time when scientific reports are constantly confirming the reality of global warming and when the typhoon which has just hit the Philippines is confirming its tragic consequences, making progress towards a global agreement to reduce greenhouse gases is a matter of urgency. The Doha conference must be the opportunity to increase short-term ambitions for action against global warming and a useful step towards an ambitious agreement which the international community has set itself the goal of reaching in 2015, to come into force in 2020.
This is the message which Delphine Batho, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, conveyed at a ministerial meeting she co-chaired today with Herman Rosa Chavez, Minister of the Environment and Natural Resources of El Salvador. Introducing the meeting, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recalled the urgency of acting and announced his wish to convene a summit of heads of state and government in 2014. The French Minister recalled that the reduction targets set voluntarily by the different countries party to the [UN] Convention do not, as they stand, allow global warming above 2ºC to be avoided. So we must act now, without waiting for 2015. For her part, France, with the European Union, is ready to make new, binding commitments to reduce her greenhouse gas emissions, in the framework of a second period of the Kyoto Protocol. It is important for other countries also to commit themselves to such binding targets.
In his speech during the ministerial round table, Pascal Canfin, Minister Delegate for Development, recalled Europe’s commitment to pursue financing efforts for the most vulnerable. He emphasized the commitment of France, who, in the framework of Fast Start alone, has devoted more than €1.2 billion to the fight against climate change between 2010 and 2012 (i.e. €420 million a year), but he also stressed that Fast Start was only a small part of climate financing. Bilateral financing by the French Development Agency (AFD) in the energy sector now goes in priority to renewable energy and energy efficiency, aimed at supporting developing countries’ transition to low-carbon systems. The Minister also recalled the importance of France’s commitment to climate financing through the allocation of part of the financial transaction tax to the climate and, in particular, to the future Green Climate Fund, and he highlighted adaptation efforts, which deserve to be strengthened in the negotiations for the 2015 agreement./.