Official speeches and statements - March 16, 2016
France welcomes the election of the new president of Burma, conducted within the framework of the current constitution, following a democratic election process. It wishes him every success as he undertakes the exceptionally important duties the Burmese Parliament has just entrusted to him.
The election of Htin Kyaw marks the continuation of the country’s transition, after Aung San Suu Kyi and her party, the National League for Democracy, won a landslide victory in the parliamentary elections, symbolizing the Burmese people’s high expectations.
France stands alongside Burma on its path towards democracy, development and national reconciliation.
2. European Union - Greece - Humanitarian crisis - Adoption of an Emergency Assistance instrument for European Union member states - Communiqué issued by M. Harlem Désir, Minister of State for European Affairs (Paris, 15/03/2016)
I welcome the adoption by the General Affairs Council in Brussels today of an Emergency Assistance instrument for EU countries confronted by an exceptional humanitarian crisis. This decision was essential in order to step up assistance to Greece, given the urgent humanitarian situation it faces.
I am pleased that the Council adopted this financial instrument, which the European Commission had proposed on 2 March following on from the European Council of 18 and 19 February, exceptionally quickly.
Provided with euro700 million over three years, it will allow us to support Greece to respond to the humanitarian emergency linked to the massive influx of refugees and the closing of the border with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
There is not a moment to lose if Europe is to implement all means in support of member states on the front line and avoid a humanitarian disaster in Greece.
Q. - Four months after the 13 November attacks, what’s your assessment of domestic security?
THE MINISTER - We have short memories, as if the festive season had swept away the shock and the magnitude of what French people experienced. Since 13 November, we’ve foiled several planned attacks that could have been tragic. And the trauma of the attacks is still tangible. Twenty-three people wounded on 13 November are still in our military hospitals alone.
Q. - Some people doubt that the armed forces are really effective in combating terrorism on national territory...
THE MINISTER - Today there are more service personnel engaged on national territory than in external operations. That’s a significant fact because of the presence of those 10,000 troops in France. The threat we face has two new characteristics. Firstly, it’s become militarized. Secondly, it turns out that this militarized threat is the same inside and outside our borders. To fulfil their missions on these two fronts, the armed forces have specific and consubstantial strengths: their skills in combat, observation, deterrence and surprise.
We noted this at the time of the incident outside the mosque in Valence at the beginning of the year. The three soldiers from the 93rd Mountain Artillery Regiment of Varces (Isère) who were attacked opened fire. The rules are clear. When they act on national territory, the armed forces are under the Interior Minister’s leadership. The Defence Minister’s role is to ensure those forces are ready to fulfil their missions. Although there may have been a few misunderstandings initially, the situation is currently very clear. My relations with Bernard Cazeneuve are trustful and very professional.
Q. - Are the living conditions for service personnel in Operation Sentinelle now satisfactory?
THE MINISTER - Ninety per cent of the 6,500 service personnel deployed in Paris have been properly accommodated. It’s true we initially lacked sites for barracks. Specific benefits were created, roughly reflecting those enjoyed by staff on external operations. It also proved necessary to clarify the missions. Previously, the armed forces had two domestic security «postures»: one for air security and the other for maritime security. Four «postures» are going to be added: they relate to ground forces, cyberspace - this dimension has been greatly strengthened -, health and energy, the last of these enabling our armed forces to be supplied with fuel under all circumstances.
Q. - Since January 2015, 10,000 service personnel have been deployed in France. Is that sufficient?
THE MINISTER - As things currently stand, yes. The difficulty lies in the fact that Sentinelle is conducting its missions with personnel numbers as they were before the military estimates act was updated in July 2015. The President decided that the size of the operational ground force [with personnel capable of being effectively deployed on land] would increase from 66,000 to 77,000. In 2015, an additional 5,600 troops were recruited, and the same number will be recruited in 2016. But they have to be trained. Before they’re actually deployed on the ground, the troops [currently on the ground] are under some pressure. We’ll be more flexible from the summer onwards. Moreover, the number of reservists will increase from the current 28,000 to 40,000 in 2018. The aim is to have 1,000 reservists permanently present in Sentinelle. (...)