Official speeches and statements - October 7, 2016
1. Climate - Ratification of the Paris Agreement - Statement by Mme Ségolène Royal, Minister of the Environment, Energy and Marine Affairs, responsible for International Climate Relations, President of COP21 (Paris - October 5, 2016)
I made a commitment in New York on 22 April to do everything, as COP21 President, to ensure the Paris Agreement was ratified before COP22. This has now been achieved. It’s a powerful historic moment, at a time when the world is in the grip of violence, terrible tensions and the rise of fanaticism. Action for the climate is a battle that brings peace and reconciliation and builds the future. It’s not just a constraint to be undergone, it’s an opportunity to be grasped. That’s what explains this positive movement that is carrying along not only states but also cities, regions, businesses and citizens.
The international framework for the fight against climate change has now been established for the coming decades, a shared goal has been set, a long-term vision that will be able to inspire economic players. The Paris Agreement is part of the international legal system, and the first meeting of its members will be held during COP22. The job of drawing up its implementing rules has already begun. It will be speeded up in the coming weeks so that the principles adopted in Paris can be applied and the commitments made can be monitored. We absolutely must be ready for the first global review of our actions in 2018, because the climate emergency exists and compels us to act.
I call on every country that hasn’t yet ratified the Paris Agreement to do so as soon as possible so that the international community can remain united in its fight against climate change. Such is the spirit of Paris. The national contributions that have been proposed must be translated into precise policies and implemented without delay. To support countries in this work, international cooperation is being stepped up, and for those who need it, finance, technology and training are available, particularly for the most vulnerable countries. Numerous partnerships to this end will be presented in Marrakesh for COP22, which will be the COP of action.
Finally—and this is a key point—the work done on the ground in the various stakeholders’ coalitions launched in Paris will also be speeded up, and their operational results will be set out at COP22, whether it be programmes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or measures to guarantee resilience to climate change. Among other things, the French COP presidency is supporting:
- the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI),
- the Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative for small islands and the most vulnerable countries,
- the International Solar Alliance (ISA),
- Mission Innovation and its Breakthrough Energy Coalition,
- the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition,
- the international Ocean and Climate Platform,
- the Paris Pact on Water,
- the Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction.
The dynamism of these and all the other initiatives and their knock-on effect will encourage the growth of national ambitions, and this global virtuous movement will enable us to achieve our collective goals.
Mme Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research, and M. Thierry Mandon, Minister of State for Higher Education and Research, warmly congratulate M. Jean-Pierre Sauvage, who, alongside Briton J. Fraser Stoddart and Dutchman Bernard L. Feringa, received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry today.
M. Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Director of Research Emeritus at the CNRS [National Centre for Scientific Research], and Professor Emeritus at the University of Strasbourg, was awarded for his work on the design of molecular machines. Jean-Pierre Sauvage established this new field of research in the 1980s. He has been able to develop methods to synthesize molecules with degrees of freedom allowing molecular-size switches and motors to be generated. Ultimately these discoveries will allow the creation of new mechanical devices which are a thousand times smaller than the width of a hair.
This Nobel prize once again recognizes the excellence of French research, its laboratories, bodies and universities. With over 60 Nobel prizes, France still ranks fourth among nations whose quality of research is recognized in this way.