Official speeches and statements - July 7, 2017
A treaty banning nuclear weapons was adopted in New York on July 7.
It is a text unsuited to the international security context, characterized by growing tensions and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as shown, inter alia, by the North Korea nuclear threat. France did not take part in the negotiations for this treaty and does not intend to comply with it. The treaty does not bind us and does not create new obligations. The decision of a large number of states—nuclear weapon states and other states possessing or not possessing nuclear weapons—not to participate in the negotiations, in Europe and Asia in particular, cogently illustrates this disparity.
France’s security and defense policy, just like those of the allies and other close partners, is based on nuclear deterrence. Deterrence aims to protect our country from any state-led aggression against its vital interests, of whatever origin and in whatever form. The international situation permits no weakness. In this respect, a treaty banning nuclear weapons risks affecting the security of the Euro-Atlantic region and international stability. The treaty is also likely to undermine the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the cornerstone of the non-proliferation regime.
Nuclear disarmament is not achieved by decree, it must be built. France, for its part, remains determined to implement the next concrete stages in nuclear disarmament, in accordance with its commitments under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
The next priority stages in nuclear disarmament are the negotiation of a treaty banning the production of fissile material for the manufacture of nuclear weapons, and the swift introduction of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. The reduction of Russian and American nuclear arsenals, which account for 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons stockpile, is another important goal.
France has already taken concrete, substantial nuclear disarmament measures, in particular by halving its nuclear arsenal, stopping nuclear tests, ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and irreversibly closing its facilities which produce fissile material for nuclear weapons. We shall also continue our efforts to promote international security and stability, including when it comes to combating the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Nicolas Hulot, Ministre d’État, Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition, has today launched the Climate Plan to speed up the energy and climate transition. Prepared at the French President and Prime Minister’s request, it aims to mobilize the whole government over the coming months and years to make the Paris Agreement a reality for French people, for Europe and for France’s diplomatic activity.
With the aim of limiting global warming to below 2ºC, the Paris Agreement sets an ambitious target, and France has a duty to take the lead in implementing it. Through the Climate Plan, launched today by Nicolas Hulot, France is speeding up the operational implementation of the Paris Agreement and will exceed its initial targets through six areas of action:
- Making implementation of the Paris Agreement irreversible;
- Improving the daily lives of all French people;
- Doing away with fossil fuels and committing to carbon neutrality;
- Making France number one in the green economy;
- Bringing out the potential of ecosystems and agriculture;
- Stepping up international mobilization on climate diplomacy.
«Climate challenges are the cornerstone of global solidarity. We’re duty-bound to exceed our targets and go further, faster. I’d like the ecological and inclusive transition—this tremendous opportunity which is not only economic and environmental but also societal—to improve the daily lives of all French people. And we must share this solidarity at international level,» said Nicolas Hulot.